Marc Ereshefsky

Conférence « Natural Kinds, Classification, and Scientific Practice » avec Marc Ereshefsky

16 November 2016 • 16h00 18h00
Pavillon 2910, boul. Édouard-Montpetit, Université de Montréal
7 November 2016

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Le Laboratoire étudiant interuniversitaire en philosophie des sciences (LEIPS) est heureux d’accueillir Marc Ereshefsky (University of Calgary) à l’Université de Montréal pour une conférence publique intitulée : “Natural Kinds, Classification, and Scientific Practice”.

Informations complémentaires

La conférence sera donnée en anglais (30-45 minutes) et sera suivie d’une période de discussion bilingue (45mn-1h). L’entrée est libre et gratuite dans la limite des places disponibles.

Résumé

Philosophers typically require that natural kinds exist independently of human thought. However, requiring that natural kinds be mind-independent is problematic. Many classifications of kinds that help us achieve our epistemic and pragmatic aims refer to entities, psychological states, and behaviors that depend on us. Think of synthetic chemicals, genetically modified organisms, psychological categories, and social kinds. Instead of requiring that natural kinds be mind-independent, I suggest borrowing an idea from epistemology and require that natural kind classifications be defeasible. The notion of defeasibility helps us see when natural kind classifications should and should not depend on us. Such an account is flexible enough to capture the different reasons scientists have for positing natural kind classifications and also places a significant constraint on what is a natural kind.

Détails sur le site du LEIPS

Updated 7 November 2016 at 14 h 23 min.